Posts tagged ‘Unemployment’

January saw the biggest one-month drop in personal income since 1993

CNN reports today that personal incomes saw the biggest one-month decrease in 20 years, dropping 3,6 percent or $505.5 billion from December.  There are a few reasons for this. First, the fiscal cliff negotiations at the end of last year and the rise in corporate income taxes that took place on January 1 meant that corporations paid out dividends to their shareholders before the end of 2012 so that they wouldn’t have to pay the higher taxes. This essentially inflated the Commerce Department’s personal income numbers for December.

Second, the expiration of the payroll tax, which includes the amount of income that is deducted for things like Social Security and Medicare. The Commerce Department excludes these amounts when determining personal income, so this decreased the personal income numbers for January.

These two factors together account for the severe drop in incomes between December and January. They also illustrate the dramatic effect that public policy can have on our economy. The sequester is in effect as of today, and the impact of these funding cuts will have significant and far-reaching impacts across our economy and in every community. Consumer spending, which drives our economy, is only able to increase if people have money to spend. CNN also reports that gas prices increased by 10 percent in February. So while we have an increase in costs, we are also cutting essential programs— unemployment benefits, Medicaid, child care subsidies, rental assistance  small business contracts, education, workforce training, etc– that help people gain economic security. This is especially true in difficult economies, and as we’ve  said before although we’re in a period of recovery, many communities are still struggling.

But just as public policy can incent corporations and individuals to behave in ways that do not benefit the common good, public policy can also be crafted in ways to level the playing field, provide a safety net, and encourage fairness and equity.


March 1, 2013 at 12:25 pm

Severe budget cuts to kick in tomorrow

Economists are predicting that economic growth is on the rise this quarter, with the housing market doing better, hiring up, and increased consumer spending. Last week’s initial unemployment claims decreased by 22,000 from the previous week. For the past three months, employers have added 200,000 jobs per month— up from the average of 150,000 for the previous three months.

While the economy isn’t growing at a stellar pace, these are at least some signs that it is inching forward. But even these small rays of hope will be eliminated if Congress does not make a deal on the sequester, or the $1.2 trillion in spending cuts over 10 years, slated to take effect starting midnight tonight. These will be across the board, impacting programs and services from the gamut of federal agencies. So while there are some signs of our economy slowly (very slowly) improving, the sequester could send us spiraling back into recession. In addition, there is a threat of the federal government shutting down at the end of March.

As we’ve blogged about before, sequestration would have significant impacts on small businesses, particularly those that contract with federal agencies. CBS reports that 20 percent of defense contracts and 35 percent of defense sub-contracts are given to small businesses. Even though the sequester hasn’t taken effect yet, the uncertainty that small businesses have faced for months have let to layoffs and cutbacks. In total, two million jobs could be lost due to these budget cuts– and one million of those will be from small businesses.

The White House has also released state-by-state analyses of the impacts of the sequester. Although the full extent of the cuts are expected to occur over 10 years, the impacts will be felt starting this year. There are several impacts listed in the fact sheet, but some of them are:

  • Loss of $5 million in primary and secondary education funding, which translates to 350 teacher and aid jobs at risk.
  • 1,150 fewer work-study jobs for low-income college students.
  • Loss of $83,000 in funding for job search assistance and placement, which translates to over 15,000 fewer people getting served.
  • Loss of child care assistance for 1,300 disadvantaged and vulnerable children.
  • Loss of over $1.5 million to provide meals to seniors.

These are just some of the impacts that will be felt in North Carolina, in addition the national impacts that will affect everyone. The clock is ticking.


February 28, 2013 at 11:10 am

Affordable child care important for workers and businesses alike ran a column yesterday by a local entrepreneur on the importance of child care to workers and small businesses. Rhonda Abrams, the president of a small business called The Planning Shop, which provides training and instruction for small businesses on developing business plans, strategies, and other topics related to entrepreneurship  writes about the crisis of child care  and the need for her workers– and the workers of other small businesses– to be able to access quality, affordable care for their children. Not only does this help out families, it also enables workers to stay at their jobs, reducing turnover and the loss of valuable employees.

This is a particular challenge for female workers. Abrams cites that nationally, 64 percent of mothers with children younger than 6 years old are in the labor force. In North Carolina,  median full-time earnings for women is $37,199, according to the American Community Survey.  Child care costs in North Carolina, however, average between $6,000 for family care to almost $9,200 at a child care center, depending on the age of the child. This is a range of 16 percent to almost 25 percent of the median earnings.

As child care costs continue to rise, parents struggle to be able to afford quality care– often having to use several different child care providers to cover a full-time work week. This is also a particularly acute problem for low-income families, for whom child care subsidies are the key to  being able to find a job and stay in a job. But as WRAL reported recently, cuts to child care funding has meant that many families will lose their subsidies.  In Wake County alone, a $1.9 million cut in funding meant that 750 termination  notices were sent to families who were receiving child care assistance for kids between 81/2 to 12 years old.

As Abrams says in her column

Small businesses all over the country lose terrific workers every day because of the lack of good child-care options, and some of the best and brightest women have dropped out of the workforce.

Ultimately, helping parents care for their children while they work is an economic development issue. It affects workers, productivity, employee turnover, and job security. It also impacts the children who are not provided a stable and quality environment during their parents’ working hours. Economic development is not just about creating jobs or growing businesses; it is also about creating the supports to workers and businesses to help make them both viable.

February 26, 2013 at 11:04 am

What $1.2 trillion in cuts means for small business

The Washington Post’s “On Small Business” blog has such a great analysis of what sequestration will mean to small business that we’re just going to re-post their findings here.  In order to avoid devastating budget cuts at the start of the year, Congress decided to kick the can down the road and delay taking any action until March 1. Now that date is just around the corner and unless Congress acts this time, $1.2 trillion in federal budget cuts over the  next decade– again, known as “sequestration” or the “sequester”– will go into effect. This will have massive impacts across the board, and will probably even send us spiraling back into recession. No doubt this will affect businesses both large and small, but there will be particular impacts on small businesses  Looking at data from the Internal Revenue Service , the U.S. Census Bureau, the Small Business Administration, and various other sources, the Washington Post found that $1.2 trillion in cuts would equal:

• The capital needed to start 40 million new businesses (average cost of $30,000).

• More than enough to cover the payrolls for every small business in the country for six months (total $2.1 trillion annually).

• Enough money for every small employer in the country to add five new $40,000-a-year employees for a full year (6 millionsmall employers).

• More than the combined taxes to be paid this year by every filer under the IRS’s Small Business and Self-Employed division (about 40 percent of $2.9 trillion, or $1.16 trillion).

• Triple the total amount of venture capital investments made so far this century ($423 billion since 2000).

• The capital you would need to make 150,000 start-up investments, based on the average venture capital deal during that period ($8.1 million).

• More than the total amount of lending to small businesses in the first half of 2012 ($1.17 trillion) and four decades worth of SBA-backed loans (about $30 billionannually).

• The cost of covering the health insurance premium for every small business employee in the country for five months (average cost of $4,260 for individual coverage).

• More than three times the total amount of goods and services exported by small and mid-sized businesses each year ($380 billion).

• Enough money to power the SBA on its current budget for more than a thousand years (2013 budget request is $948 million).

Of course, in reality, the entire $1.2 trillion– if saved– would not be devoted entirely to small businesses. Nevertheless, this is truly staggering and shows just how much money $1.2 trillion really is.  Even saving a fraction of this funding would be significant for small  businesses.

For more details on the broader impacts of the sequester, see here for four charts that illustrate the impacts. Sadly, many in Congress are acting like the sequester is unavoidable. Rather than trying to stop it from happening– or even working toward a compromise– they’re working to protect their own districts.  Seems like they’re missing the forest for the trees. Still, Congress has about a week to act. Let’s hope that our elected officials can save us from getting into another economic hole before then.

February 22, 2013 at 9:44 am

Payday lending might be back in NC

Payday lenders have been illegal in North Carolina since 2001, but recently there has been a proposed bill to reverse this and make it legal for payday lenders to operate in our state again.  As Progressive Pulse describes it, payday lending

… is the pernicious practice of making short-term loans (typically of a week or two in length) to desperate people at effective annual interest rates of several hundred percent.

This is a very dangerous possibility for North Carolina. Payday lending is marketed to people who are looking for a quick fix for an immediate financial problem, but what actually happens is that people end up in a cycle of loans that they are ultimately unable to pay. The Center for Responsible Lending explains that these lenders are specifically located in low-income neighborhoods, targeting those who are most vulnerable and least able to climb out of these predatory cycles. The graphic below clearly articulates the cycle and problems with payday lending.

Re-introducing payday lending would not help individuals and communities who are already struggling financially. In fact, it could make the economic outlook for many people worse. We reported yesterday about the wealth gap  between whites and minorities, and the link between unemployment and the ability to create generational wealth. And we have blogged about the uneven economic recovery, in which some communities have lagged far behind others and in which income inequality has continue to grow. Payday  lending would only exacerbate these trends, by opening up the door for desperate people to dig themselves further into a financial hole. Rather than taking us backward, our state’s decision makers should be focusing on policies that help to strengthen– not deplete– communities’ resources, wealth, and health.

February 21, 2013 at 11:05 am 1 comment

Small businesses account for 98% of all employers in NC

The Small  Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy released its state-by-state small business profiles for 2012. In North Carolina, it reports that the over 800,000 small businesses in the state account for 98 percent of all employers and employ almost half of the private sector workforce, or 1.5 million people.

One important distinction to make is how ‘small business’ is defined. The SBA includes all businesses with fewer than 500 employees in its definition. This is a very wide definition, and the differences between the businesses on the small and large ends of the spectrum can be vast.

Very small businesses– those with less than 20 employees–  still make up the majority– 87 percent– of employer firms and 18 percent of employment. While the SBA-defined small business saw a net decrease in jobs by about 67,000, very small  businesses saw a net increase of about 3,400.

Considering the definition of small  businesses is important in order to distinguish between the very different challenges and advantages of different types and sizes of businesses. We have previously blogged about groups or polls claiming to represent the viewpoint of small businesses  when in reality “small” to them may mean something much larger and very different than the mom & pop, Main Street businesses that we work with.  Such a wide category, with businesses employing from 1 to 500 people, really obscures the differences– and these data are often used to develop policy and set guidelines and regulations.

It might be time for the SBA and other agencies that define ‘small business’ according to their own criteria to consider revising and coordinating their use of terms. It would help researchers, analysts, policy makers, and small businesses themselves if we had a consistent definitions. Clearly, small businesses of all sizes play a key role in employing people and creating jobs.  For many communities, small  businesses are the economic engines, creating jobs, providing wages, and generating wealth. With a better picture of each type of business, we can create even better policies and programs to support businesses of all sizes.

February 15, 2013 at 12:05 pm

The minimum wage, small businesses, and the economy

In President Obama’s State of the Union address on Tuesday night, he talked about raising the minimum wage, and indexing it to the cost of living:

Tonight, let’s declare that in the wealthiest nation on Earth, no one who works full-time should have to live in poverty, and raise the federal minimum wage to $9 an hour. This single step would raise the incomes of millions of working families. It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead. For businesses across the country, it would mean customers with more money in their pockets. In fact, working folks shouldn’t have to wait year after year for the minimum wage to go up while CEO pay has never been higher. So here’s an idea that Gov. Romney and I actually agreed on last year: Let’s tie the minimum wage to the cost of living, so that it finally becomes a wage you can live on.

Advocates for raising the minimum wage point out that it has not kept pace with inflation, and that it hardly provides workers a living wage. As the President said, those earning the minimum wage are still below the poverty level. Those against raising the minimum wage say that the cost to employers will be detrimental: their payroll costs will go up, they will stop hiring, they will lay off workers, and unemployment will spiral up.

The real outcome of raising the federal minimum wage is much more complicated.  It is true that the minimum wage has not kept up with the rising cost of living over the past few decades, which has significantly eroded its purchasing power. The tipped minimum wage– for workers such as waiters, servers, salon technicians, etc– has actually been frozen at $2.13 for the past 20 years.  The chart below from the Economic Policy Institute shows that if adjusted for inflation, the value of the minimum wage has decreased over time.

Raising the minimum wage would have some impact on employers, but recent research suggests that it would not have an impact on employment overall. Employers will respond to the minimum wage in a variety of ways that will have a variety of consequences– the linear connection between increasing the wage rate to firing workers isn’t linear, after all. Analyzing recent research on minimum wage increases, the Center for Economic and Policy Research found that while increasing the minimum wage had significant impacts on the wages of workers, the effect on employment is small.

In regard to small businesses, though some are against the increase, others see it as a positive. As we’ve discussed before, a top concern among small businesses is the weak consumer demand. Increasing the wages for people who will likely spend their money would be a good thing for small businesses. As one business owner said, “This increase will put more money in the pockets of workers who will spend it in their local economies. That will strengthen consumer purchasing power — exactly what small businesses need right now.”

The economic recovery has been marked by a growth in low-wage jobs, in which some people and communities continue to struggle and lag  behind. Growing income inequality was one factor that contributed to the severity of the Great Recession, and even though the recession is over, inequality persists and continues to grow. Increasing the minimum wage would help lift the floor for our lowest-paid workers, which would in turn strengthen the economy overall and benefit businesses of all sizes.


February 14, 2013 at 11:07 am 3 comments

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